Subproductos de la cadena productiva de la palma de aceite como fuente potencial de fitoquímicos biológicamente activos

  • Alexis  González Díaz
  • Jesús A. García Núñez
Palabras clave: Fitoquímicos, Aceites residuales, Vitamina E, Carotenoides, Antioxidantes, Subproductos

Resumen

A lo largo de la cadena productiva de la palma de aceite (CPPA) se generan grandes cantidades de subproductos sólidos y líquidos con cierto contenido de fracciones aceitosas residuales, además de subproductos grasos. Los aceites residuales recuperados de las fibras prensadas y de los efluentes de las plantas de beneficio, al igual que los ácidos grasos destilados de palma y las fracciones aceitosas extraídas de las tierras de blanqueo gastadas que son resultantes de la refinación del aceite de palma crudo, así como, el aceite recuperado de los fondos de las columnas de destilación de biodiésel de palma, contienen cantidades importantes de vitamina E, carotenoides, escualeno y fitoesteroles, compuestos biológicamente activos de valor funcional y nutricional que representan una oportunidad real para la generación de nuevos productos y para la incursión en mercados especializados. Actualmente, existe un número creciente de estudios focalizados en los potenciales usos y en las tecnologías aplicables para la recuperación y refinación de fitoquímicos de palma a partir de subproductos de la CPPA. Este estudio tiene como objetivo proporcionar una visión general de las bonda- des de los principales fitoquímicos recuperables de ciertos subproductos de la CPPA y de las concentraciones de estos mismos compuestos encontrados en distintos trabajos, además de presentar un estimativo general de la cantidad de fitoquímicos que pueden ser recuperados y las tecnologías y metodologías empleadas para tal fin. Este documento pretende proponer a los aceites residuales ricos en fitoquímicos de palma como materias primas disponibles para distintas industrias.

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Publicado
2021-11-26
Cómo citar
González Díaz , A., & García Núñez, J. A. (2021). Subproductos de la cadena productiva de la palma de aceite como fuente potencial de fitoquímicos biológicamente activos. Revista Palmas, 42(3), 62-82. Recuperado a partir de https://publicaciones.fedepalma.org/index.php/palmas/article/view/13582
Sección
Valor Agregado

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