¿Compensación offsetting, insetting o ambas? Tendencias actuales en la certificación sostenible del aceite de palma

  • Gallemore Caleb
  • Jespersen Kristjan
Palabras clave: Aceite de palma, Estándares ambientales, Iniciativas de múltiples partes interesadas (MSI), Mesa Redonda sobre Aceite de Palma Sostenible (RSPO), Offsetting, Insetting, Certificación

Resumen

Las normas ambientales privadas intentan, en parte, internalizar las externalidades ambientales. Una opción es la compensación offset de las externalidades ambientales de las empresas mediante la compra de créditos. Otra es la compensación inset, en la que las estas intentan abordar las externalidades y proporcionar beneficios positivos dentro de su propia cadena de suministro. Estos dos enfoques de la internalización de las externalidades pueden entrar en tensión y conducir a diferentes tipos de mercados sostenibles. Las empresas que adoptan normas privadas como forma de evitar los riesgos de reputación son más propensas a apoyar las estrategias de compensación inset que las offset si su objetivo principal es distinguirse del resto de su sector, pero estas estrategias también tienen el riesgo de separar el mercado en nichos de productores de alta calidad junto a una mayoría de baja calidad. Estas tensiones se manifiestan en la Mesa Redonda sobre el Aceite de Palma Sostenible (RSPO por sus siglas en inglés), donde el offsetting y el insetting coexisten. Las presiones estratégicas que promueven el insetting llevan a las organizaciones a salir del sistema del mercado de compensación, pero esto tiene el costo de perder parte de la flexibilidad y reduce las barreras de entrada que ofrece el enfoque offset. Las nuevas tecnologías podrían permitir a las normas combinar las ventajas de ambos enfoques, manteniendo los beneficios de reputación del insetting y la flexibilidad del offsetting.

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Publicado
2021-12-23
Cómo citar
Caleb, G., & Kristjan, J. (2021). ¿Compensación offsetting, insetting o ambas? Tendencias actuales en la certificación sostenible del aceite de palma. Revista Palmas, 42(4), 50-69. Recuperado a partir de https://publicaciones.fedepalma.org/index.php/palmas/article/view/13657
Sección
Sostenibilidad